Themes Thematic focal areas

Grouped under Themes are five different thematic focal areas, some with close interlinkages. These are Livelihood, food & health; Cities & biodiversity; Biocultural diversity; Climate change & ecosystems; and Values & governance, all presented below.


Livelihoods, food and health

Agricultural biodiversity and farmers’ knowledge, innovations and practices are intimately linked, and at the heart of locally adapted food systems and diverse and nutritious diets. People’s livelihood, food and health are tightly interconnected, and food sovereignty contributes to endogenous development....  Read more »

Cities & biodiversity

According to the Cities and Biodiversity Outlook (CBO) – the world’s first scientific assessment of global urbanization trends and the role of biodiversity and ecosystem-based management for human well-being – 70 percent of the world’s population is expected to become...  Read more »

Biocultural diversity

Global analyses have established that areas of high biological diversity co-occur with areas of high cultural diversity. This association between cultural and biological diversity is encapsulated in the “biocultural diversity”. The term denotes three key concepts: (1) the diversity of...  Read more »

Climate change & ecosystems

Food security is an increasing challenge, for example in Africa, where already most of the world’s undernourished people live. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts that changes in rainfall patterns and rising temperatures in some countries in Africa may...  Read more »

Values & governance

Making the values and benefits of biodiversity and ecosystems visible and integrated in decision making can be done through a range of methods, including collaborative learning for demonstrating diverse values, monetary valuation, indicators or ecosystem accounting that visualizes the state...  Read more »

Assessments & Indicators

Recognizing that there is a need for strengthening the dialogue between the scientific community, governments, other holders of knowledge and stakeholders on biodiversity and ecosystem services, the development of IPBES started in 2005. It was initiated out of the follow-up...  Read more »