Assessments & Indicators
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is a report commissioned by the UN that involved more than 1300 experts worldwide. It provided a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the world’s ecosystems and the services they provide as well as outlining options for sustaining ecosystem services. But the need for method development, dissemination and implementation of various ecosystem-related assessments continues.
Recognizing that there is a need for strengthening the dialogue between the scientific community, governments, other holders of knowledge and stakeholders on biodiversity and ecosystem services, the development of IPBES started in 2005. It was initiated out of the follow-up process of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the consultative process on an International Mechanism of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity (IMoSEB). IPBES now counts 123 Member States and works with various deliverables related to ecosystem assessments. SwedBio has been involved in the process from the MA follow up, by initiating an international planning dialogue at the Swedish Ministry of Environment 2007, and with contributions to UNEP, WRI and UNEP-WCMC, as well as being part of the Swedish delegation for negotiating meetings contributing to the development of IPBES. SwedBio has also been part of the Sub-Global Assessment network.
Likewise, the need for development of appropriate indicators to follow status and trends are important. Under CBD, indicators are being developed for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. SwedBio has contributed to partners such as UNEP-WCMC, WRI, Tebtebba for related indicator development link. Bottom up methods for ecosystem assessments and indicators are for example Eco-calenders, Eco-cultural mapping, and Community Based Monitoring and Information Systems. SwedBio has also contributed to the development of measurements related to collective action of indigenous peoples and local communities in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.
Resilience in development interventions
Resilience is increasingly recognized by the development community as a valuable concept to understand and assess the dynamics of change and adaptation, and there is a growing demand for development practitioners to deliver programmes that enhance the resilience of “development interventions” and local livelihoods.
SwedBio has increasingly engaged in resilience assessments as an approach for exploring and operationalizing resilience thinking. This has been a collaborative approach where partners, such as UNDP and the Community Conservation Resilience Assessment Initiative, have undertaken case studies for methods development regarding resilience assessments. SwedBio has performed dialogues on Resilience Assessments and is contributing to the Community Self Assessing Resilience process. For the present phase of the SwedBio programme (2016-2019) SwedBio will collaborate with the GRAID programme at Stockholm Resilience Centre on resilience assessments.
For some examples of Assessments, Indicators and Mentrics, see here.
Some related publications SwedBio has contributed to:
Indicators Relevant for Indigenous Peoples: A resource Book
Forest Peoples Programme
Community-based monitoring and information systems (CBMIS) in the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
UNEP-WCMC and CSIR
Measuring ecosystem services: Guidance on developing ecosystem service indicators