Biodiversity rich social-ecological systems

The term emphasizes that humans must be seen as a part of, not apart from, nature — that the delineation between social and ecological systems is artificial and arbitrary. Scholars have also used concepts like ‘coupled human-environment systems’, ‘ecosocial systems’...  Read more »

Endogenous development

Endogenous development seeks to overcome a western bias by making peoples’ worldviews and livelihood strategies the starting point for development. Endogenous development moves beyond integrating traditional knowledge in mainstream development and seeks to build biocultural approaches that originate from local...  Read more »

Equity, human rights and democracy

The approach rests on the basic human rights principle of equal dignity and rights for all human beings, and is therefore also a tool for discovering and fighting discrimination. It includes poor and marginalised peoples’ perspective, gender equality and the...  Read more »


SwedBio’s most important source of work related to gender and resilient social-ecological systems comes from our partners. Many of them have a long and rich experience in working with gender and biodiversity issues, in the field, in international negotiations, and...  Read more »

Poverty alleviation

Many of the world’s biodiversity-rich areas are located in developing countries. Over 70 percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and depend directly on biodiversity for their survival and well-being. Poverty can be described as being dynamic and...  Read more »

Resilience perspectives

Resilience can be defined as the capacity of a social-ecological system to withstand perturbations from e.g. climate or economic shocks and to rebuild and renew itself afterwards, without shifting into a qualitatively different state. Resilience has increasingly been acknowledged as...  Read more »