Resilience can be defined as the capacity of a social-ecological system to withstand perturbations from e.g. climate or economic shocks and to rebuild and renew itself afterwards, without shifting into a qualitatively different state. Resilience has increasingly been acknowledged as an important factor in determining ecosystems’ capacity to continue generating ecosystem services in a world increasingly influenced by global environmental change. There is a strong correlation between biodiversity and an ecosystem’s resilience, and its ability to deliver ecosystem services.