A general view of participants in session at the Human Rights Council, UN
Healthy ecosystems are crucial for the enjoyment of universal human rights such as the right to life, food and health
Resolution adopted by the UN Human Rights Council builds on the first ever UN report addressing the relationship between human rights and biodiversity by the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment.
- For the first time, a UN Human Rights Council resolution explicitly recognises the relationships between human rights and biodiversity.
- There is now the momentum for addressing systemic social-ecological challenges affecting the life support systems of humans and non-human beings by exercising a broad range of human rights.
- Key recommendations in the report are a call to action directed particularly at governments and business to do more to protect environmental human rights defenders who often have to risk their lives to protect the biodiversity that benefits all of us.
On March 8th, the first ever UN report addressing the relationship between human rights and biodiversity by the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment, John Knox, was presented at the 34th session of the UN Human Rights Council. It was followed by a dialogue with States and other stakeholders .
Dr. Claudia Ituarte-Lima, SRC researcher and SwedBio international environmental law adviser, was part of the expert group consulted for the development of this thematic report on human rights and biodiversity. The report shows that for people to fully enjoy their human rights such as health and food, they need the services that healthy ecosystems provide. Because global biodiversity loss is increasing, conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are necessary to ensure that ecosystems remain healthy and resilient. In his presentation, the UN Special Rapporteur stated that governments must do more to safeguard biodiversity, including by protecting environmental human rights defenders who often have to risk their lives to protect the biodiversity that benefits all of us.
In the lead-up to presenting the report at the UN Human Rights Council session, Dr Ituarte-Lima participated in a meeting convened by the UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights and Environment at the UN Palais Wilson to discuss actions to further the human rights, biodiversity and ecosystem nexus. In particular, participants made proposals for implementing the recommendations in the report to help address the biodiversity crisis and its connection to human rights. This includes how to foster the protection of the rights of people especially vulnerable to the loss of access and degradation of ecosystems such as indigenous peoples, and other members of minorities groups who depend more directly on ecosystems for their food, water and culture.
On March 9th, SwedBio, International Development Law Organisation, UN Environment and UN Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights – all organisations supporting the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment – co-hosted a reception to celebrate the presentation of the report at the UN Human Rights Council and the inalienable human rights and irreplaceable value of biodiversity. Representatives of the co-hosting organisations highlighted the relevance of continuing to work on the human rights and biodiversity nexus in law, policy and practice.
“The recommendations in the report are a call to action where a wide range of organisations working at different scales and in distinct parts of the world have a role to play, including addressing the global crises of biodiversity loss and the crises faced by environmental human rights defenders” Dr Ituarte-Lima highlighted.
The fact that for the first time a thematic report on human rights and biodiversity was discussed at UN Human Rights Council, provides the momentum for addressing systemic socio-ecological challenges that affect life support systems and a broad range of human rights, such as the right to information, participation, freedom of expression and association. Dr Ituarte-Lima, suggested connecting next steps with action for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals which have cross-cutting biodiversity and ecosystems dimensions and which seek to realise the human rights of all, leaving no-one behind.
A resolution was adopted by consensus by the UN Human Rights Council on Friday 24th March 2017 encouraging States to adopt an effective normative framework for the enjoyment of a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment, including biodiversity and ecosystems, which welcomes and builds on the above-mentioned report.
“Considering the global biodiversity crises and how important biodiversity is to human prosperity and a healthy planet, this resolution at the level of the UN Human Rights Council –a subsidiary body of the UN Assembly- is especially timely and can contribute to the urgent and coordinated action needed,” emphasised Dr Ituarte-Lima.
Links & downloads
Policy brief: Rich biodiversity, healthy ecosystems and healthy people
Biodiversity financing and safeguards: lessons learned and proposed guidelines
Scientific article: Safeguarding for what and for whom? The role of institutional fit in shaping REDD+ in Mexico