New policy report examines how operationalizing human rights principles in mining decision making processes helps to achieve SDG 16 as well as safeguarding biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. Mining concessions are often granted without sufficient information about their impact on ecosystem services, thus jeopardizing human rights and biodiversity. The report proposes a framework for connecting Ecosystems and Well-being Frameworks with the human rights principles, and Sustainable Development Goal 16 on peace, justice, and strong institutions. As a legal and policy support tool to assess the full environmental and human rights impacts of mining, this framework can be used by different groups in mainstreaming biodiversity, ecosystem services and human rights in the mining sector. The policy report is informed by both legal and economic perspectives and dialogue processes with different right holders and duty bearers including practitioners from different countries.